The NYT recently reported on the Muxe gender formations in Zapotec culture in Oaxaca Mexico.
Link to article
Alejandra Islas has also made a documentary that can be viewed online here.
Lynn Stephens has also written an article in Latin American Perspectives here.
Some unanswered questions remain; such as how does the acceptance of a "3rd gender" in Zapotec communities contribute to their racialization in Mexico? An historical question here might be to think through the conditions of possibility for this cultural continuity. In other words, how is it that Muxe genders have transformed through the colonial encounter and subsequent incorporation into nationalist hegemony. One question that I ponder is what are the conditions of possibility for transexual subjectivities in a patriarchial system? Is it that only men are tolerated to occupy queer gender formations.
Any other thoughts here?